Ancient Greek hairstyles changed as ancient Greece changed, reflecting the concerns and aspirations of its residents. Hairstyles showed something about the age, taste, and origin of the wearer, but not much about his social class (except for slaves, whose hair was usually short). In their private lives, according to Demosthenes, the Athenians were "strict and simple", with little difference in how the highest and lowest citizens dressed, lived or ate. In Sparta, men and women often walked around naked or with chitons (draped white robes) open on the sides; The word "Spartan" means indifference to luxury, which was widespread in ancient Greece.
The Greek ideal of beauty applied to both men and women: youth, detailed muscles and naturally colored cheeks. In ancient art, men and women are drawn almost exactly the same, except for their breasts (if they are exposed). Substances like olive oil and honey have been used by many Greeks to improve the look of their skin, while men spent much of their time in the gym, where they moved, wrestled, and chatted with other men.
Blond hair was considered attractive, and both men and women bleach their hair with potash water and dry it in the sun to achieve a blonder effect.
Make-up was used, although it was frowned upon by some to be presumptuous; Many women used white lead to lighten their face, and maybe red pigment for blush and charcoal for eye shadow. Heterae, an ancient Greek equivalent of geisha or courtesan, sometimes wore makeup.
This androgyny led to a certain uniformity in the hairstyle. Men and women wore their hair in long curls; It is unclear whether her hair was naturally curly or whether it was curled with pliers or a similar device. In a famous passage by Homer, Athena Odysseus lets the hair flow down from his head in "hyacinth curls". We could therefore conclude that these curls were natural, at least for some of the local population.
The position of women in ancient Greece was alarmingly low. Married women were isolated in their homes and were not even allowed to contact other women, let alone other men. This could explain the relative indifference to luxury in ancient Greek society.
Women wore their hair long and curly, sometimes braided, sometimes with curls wrapped over their shoulders. After the defeat of Persia in 449 BC B.C., oriental styles became less popular and women began to pin their hair in a knot or knot at the nape of the neck, sometimes with a ribbon or a mesh wound around the head. Scarves and tiaras were also available.
During the grief, women cut their hair short.
Men grew long hair. A boy cut his hair short (roughly chin or jaw length) when he reached puberty and stayed with a short haircut until he grew older and gentler.
The beard was also a sign of distinction and masculinity. Most young men were shaved, which was a sign of femininity. Shaving the upper lip was not uncommon. Only when Alexander the Great ordered his soldiers to be shaved did the beard lose some of its splendor. Still, it was a sign of a philosopher or a wise man.
There were several popular ancient Greek hairstyles that were worn by both men and women. the Kepos, a bowl cut for teenagers and slaves; the thesisid was a kind of proto- mullet which was short at the front and long at the back; The Hectorean was combed back in curls.
Garlands and tiaras were worn by important Greek leaders, including Alexander the Great and prominent statesmen. A garland was usually placed on the head of a tall man at his funeral.